Walnut Health Properties

Walnut Walnut – a tree up to 25-35 mm thick and 2 meters with a dark gray cracked bark. Crohn's lifted up, shatraobraznaya, the branches are thick. The leaves are large, imparipinnate with 5-9 single cut or slabozubchatymi leaves at the apex blunt or pointed. Staminate flowers in multicolored thick catkins, pistillate – 2-4, at least 10, at the tips of shoots. Fruit – green drupe in the shell, which, after abscission brown, and the edible pit, commonly called a nut. Blossoms walnut before leafing in April and May. The fruits ripen in August and September. Homeland walnut is not Greece, as many believe, a Middle and Low Asia.

Walnut bred in the south of European Russia, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, the Caucasus. It grows in ravines and river valleys, in the mixed deciduous forests, climbs into the mountains to an altitude of 1500 – 1800 m above sea level. Usually these are isolated trees or small groups, at least – the grove. From one native tree harvested 300 kg of nuts, and from 1 ha – 1000 kg. In a culture with a single tree can be obtained in good years 1000-1600 kg, and 1 m to 3 m, sometimes up to 10-15 m.

Useful properties of walnut kernels in the kernel to 80% fatty oils containing linolenic acids. linoleic. oleic acid. palmitic, stearic. lauric. myristic, arahinovuyu acid, about 20% protein, vitamins C, B1, B2, PP, carotene, 3-4% tannins, quinones, and minerals. The healing properties of walnut were known in antiquity.

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