Occupational Therapy

Landmarks historical of the Occupational Therapy. The Occupation that you give of the antiquity was used as measured of care and assistance the sick people, had in ' ' training of hbitos' ' in 1917 of Eleonor Clarke Slagle a first technique does not medicate, for first education and assistance in Occupational Therapy. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Dean Ornish M.D. Classic civilizations as the Egyptians and Greeks used the occupation as treatment form. Hipcrates and Galeno (Parents of Medicine) recommended exercises in gymnasia as half of recovery of illnesses. 1789 French Revolution, that was one of two great historical landmarks for the Occupational Therapy. End of century XVIII and beginning of century XIX, the occupation wide started to be accepted as metal treatment sick, having as main name the Dr. Philipp Pinel (Current philosophical? Humanismo)? With the positivismo and the sprouting of the hospital medicine the decline of the use of the occupations starts as treatment form.

(current organicista)? Half of century XIX result of the Industrial Revolution initiated the surgical use of the quimioterpicos and processes, and in this the mental institutions start to be great experimental laboratories and abuses were committed in function of the inquiry. Beginning of century XX, comes the reemergencia of the ideas of the moral treatment ally the emergency of the new theory of the psicobiologia of Adolf Meyer. For Meyer the occupation was conceived as the factor of possibility of a dynamic and human balance since the man has ways to exist, to think and to act that they get excited constantly. 1906 Hermon Simon gave beginning to the active treatment, opposition to the treatment in the stream bed, it believed that the absolute rest abolished the mental activity. In 1908, everything starts with a course of 6 weeks in occupation and curativa recreation given by Grahan Taylor for hospital attendants.

Where Eleonor Clarke Slagle if exactly formed in this course in July of 1911. In December of 1914, in a meeting of hospital workers the architect George Edward Barton suggested the name of the profession ' ' THERAPY OCUPACIONAL' '. The therapy starts to be qualified part occupation, and not it occupation for the therapy. In 1915, Eleonor Clarke Slage organized the first professionalizing course for occupational therapy. In 1915 Willian Rush Dunton it makes the first complete manual of instructions of occupational therapy. 1917 ' ' training of hbitos' ' of Eleonor Clarke Slage and a first technique does not medicate, for first education and assistance in occupational therapy. Eleonor Clarke Slagle was one of the founders of the first regular school of occupational therapy.

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