Derivations

Therefore, the not scientific theories only are evaluated the others on the basis of two aspects. Science and ideology belong, thus, the two separate fields, that nothing have in common: the first one to the field of the comment and the reasoning; second to the field of the feeling and the faith. With justeza the importance of this distinction, that, on the other hand, becomes impossible to consider true a theory persuasiva (or useful) e, for another one was emphasized, allows ' ' to understand before condemning and making the distinction enters studious of the social facts and propagandist or apstolo' ' (BOBBIO, 1957). Of the point of view of the analysis of the not scientific theory, the doctrine of Pareto it established an important point: the function of this is, in first place, to persuade and to direct the action. Residues and Derivations In all not-scientific theory, Vilfredo Pareto distinguishes two essential elements for its understanding: the residues and derivations. In accordance with the author: ' ' Concrete theories in social connections are composed of residues and derivations. The residues are manifestations of feelings. Derivations understand unhealthy logical reasonings, reasonings and manifestations of feelings used for derivation ends: they are manifestations of the human being in its hunger for pensar' ' (PARETO, 1935). For residues, Pareto understood existing elementary impulses in all the societies, Expresses for its individual members, through determined manifestations of feelings which can be classified in six distinct types: a.instinto of combination; b.persistncia of aggregates; c.expresso of feelings by means of visible acts (sociability); d.manuteno of the structure to discipline in common of the life (activity); e.integridade of the individual, its privileges and ownerships; f.influncia of the sexual desire and habits of thought. Pareto argued, through the residue concept, that most of the human behavior is governed by this relatively fixed number of universal psychological motivations.

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